Donate Now Please do not take [aK] for granted! Contribute NOW! No paypal? Click here! Goal amount for today: 100 USD, Received: 0 USD (0%)
Crowdfunding support for Abibitumi Kasa!

User Tag List

  • Amused
  • Angry
  • Annoyed
  • Awesome
  • Bemused
  • Cocky
  • Cool
  • Crazy
  • Kemetic
  • Depressed
  • Drunk
  • Embarrased
  • Enraged
  • Friendly
  • Geeky
  • Godly
  • Happy
  • Hateful
  • Dedicated
  • Peace Out
  • Curious
  • Sankofa
  • Sad
  • Secret
  • Shy
  • Sneaky
  • Tired
  • Wtf
  • Afrikantic
  • Da Bomb
  • Questioning
  • Vengeful
  • Loud
  • Ma'atic
  • Led Astray
  • Revolutionary
  • Uneasy
  • Black Love
  • Obibini
  • Dancing
  • Abibitumi Kasa
  • Abibifahodie
  • Hard-working
  • RBG
  • Great!
  • Precise
  • Shocked
  • Protective
  • Persistent
  • Inquisitive
  • Disciplined
  • 2 Fangaz
  • Cautious
  • Oreo
  • Eternal
  • Hoodwinked
  • Well-read
  • Troll
  • Brilliant
  • Genius
  • Pretty
  • Impressive
  • Monumental
  • Flirtatious
  • Explosive
  • Cheeky
  • Cute
  • Sarcastic
  • Joyful
  • Uhuru
  • Jammin'
  • Ecstatic!
  • Peaceful
  • RBG Love
  • Outspoken
  • Womanly
  • On Point
  • B-day
  • Tropical
  • Resist
  • Partying
  • Protest
  • Persevering
  • Hot
  • Confused
  • Scholarly
  • Shocking
  • white
  • Playful
  • Kuumba
  • Queenly
  • Bright
  • Kwanzaa
  • Ujima
  • Umoja
  • Stranded
  • Loving
  • Violent
  • Nguzo Saba
  • Timeless
  • Beautiful
  • Joking
  • Full of BS
  • Outraged
  • Sassy
  • Bamboozled
  • Afrikan
  • Defensive
  • Social
  • Jovial
  • Intelligent
  • Nia
  • Beautiful 2
  • Appreciative
  • Warrior
  • Nerdy
  • Relaxed
  • Surprised
  • Jagunjagun
  • Reborn
  • Unsure
  • Lonely
  • Mad
  • Nubian
  • Humorous
  • Flirtatious 2
  • On Point 2
  • On Lock
  • 5 Stars
  • Amandla
  • Committed
  • Historical
  • Feminine
  • Cleansing
  • Asafo
  • Celebrative
  • Fighter
  • Kidding
  • Handsome
  • Funny
  • Optimistic
  • Furious
  • Paranoid
  • Khepera
  • Outta Here
  • Oppressed
  • Miseducated
  • Rebel
  • Strong
  • Gossipy
  • Dangerous
  • On fire
  • Serious
  • Divine
  • Queenly 2
  • Sleepy
  • Imani
  • Ujamaa
  • Exotic
  • Celebrative 2
  • Courageous
  • Kujichagulia
  • Confident
  • Informative
  • Visionary
  • Courageous 2
  • Helpful
  • + Reply to Thread
    + Post New Thread
    Results 1 to 3 of 3

    Thread: San people of Africa draft code of ethics for researchers

    1. #1
      Odimafoɔ (Contributor) Live Chat
      Mapinduzi! Currently
      completing my first major
      publication an applied text on
      applied african critical
      thought theory. Based in
      Afrikan Wisdom Literature, and
      Spiritual Systems of the
      I am:
      Dukuzumurenyi's Avatar
      Join Date
      Aug 2008
      Points: 53,556, Level: 100
      Level completed: 0%, Points required for next Level: 0
      Overall activity: 0%
      Blog Entries
      15 Post(s)
      17 Thread(s)
      Rep Power
      SocialVeteranCreated Album picturesTagger First ClassCreated Blog entry
      Posting Award

      Did you find this post helpful? Yes | No

      Default San people of Africa draft code of ethics for researchers

      Researchers have eagerly studied Africa’s San people, some of whom are shown here foraging in a grassland. Now, the San have drawn up a code of ethics to govern scientists’ interactions with them.

      JASON EDWARDS/National Geographic Creative

      San people of Africa draft code of ethics for researchers

      By Linda Nordling
      CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA—The San people of Southern Africa are among the closest living relatives of our hunting and gathering ancestors. Scientists have flocked to study their age-old rituals and ancient genetic fingerprints. Now, after more than a century of being scrutinized by science, the San are demanding something back. Earlier this month the group unveiled a code of ethics for researchers wishing to study their culture, genes, or heritage.

      The code, published here on 3 March, asks researchers to treat the San respectfully and refrain from publishing information that could be viewed as insulting. Because such sensitivities may not be clear to researchers, the code asks that scientists let communities read and comment on findings before they are published. It also asks that researchers keep their promises and give something back to the community in return for its cooperation.

      “We’re not saying that everybody is bad. But you get those few individuals who don’t respect the San,” says Leana Snyders, head of the South African San Council in Upington, which helped create the code.

      The San created the code because of past transgressions, including use of insulting language such as the term “Bushmen,” using jargon when communicating with the San, failing to consult study communities about findings before publication, and approaching individuals before asking community leaders for permission.

      Snyders cited a 2010 study in Nature that she says committed several of these mistakes and raised awareness in the community about the issues. Approval by university research ethics committees is not sufficient to comply with the code, Snyders adds. The San community needs to be involved in reviewing research proposals and have a say in the design and conclusions, she says.

      Snyders also notes that despite all the interest from scientists, the San have not benefited from their star research status. “When a researcher comes they enrich themselves of our culture and our knowledge. But our communities remain in poverty; their daily life does not change. We want to change that,” she says.

      Benefits to the community do not have to be monetary, but could be in the form of knowledge, or educational or job opportunities. Communicating research results back to the community is paramount, Snyders adds, in order to avoid derogatory terms.

      “Before somebody publishes anything they need to discuss it with the community. Then the community can say: You don’t understand, or that it’s damaging.” Researchers that flout the code will be blacklisted. “If it comes to that, we will blacklist and close the door and make sure you don’t come back,” Snyders says.

      The San are not the first indigenous population group to impose such codes on research. The Aboriginal Australians and Canada’s First Nations and Inuit have drawn up similar codes, which standardize consultation, the benefits due to participating communities, and data storage and access.

      But this is the first research code produced by an African group. For now it is formally adopted only in South Africa; Snyders and her colleagues hope to roll it out to San who live in neighboring Botswana and Namibia.

      The code does not place unrealistic demands on scientists, says Himla Soodyall, director of the Human Genomic Diversity and Disease Research Unit at South Africa’s University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg. But others point out that the code focuses on past transgressions, and doesn’t refer to recent efforts to respect and involve communities, such as guidelines for genomics work on vulnerable populations prepared in 2014 by the Human Heredity and Health in Africa program.

      As a result, the code may present an overly negative view of researchers and discourage communities from participating in studies, says Charles Rotimi, founding director of the National Institutes of Health Center for Research on Genomics and Global Health in Bethesda, Maryland.

      Reuse of data is another potential stumbling block. The San refuse to grant broad consent for other researchers to reuse data for purposes not specified in the original agreement. This restriction is not spelled out in the code, but is the position of the South African San Council, Snyders says. “Should any other research institution want to use the data, they need to acquire informed consent from the council.”

      But good scientific practice allows other scientists to try to replicate analyses, says geneticist David Reich of Harvard Medical School in Boston. He is a leader of the recently assembled Simons Genome Diversity Project, which contains 300 high-quality genomes from 142 populations, including the San. “Other researchers need to be free to reanalyze the data to come to their own conclusions. … If this is not possible, then science cannot be done,” he says.

      DOI: 10.1126/science.aal0933
      Attached Files Attached Files
      "Every form of true education trains the student in self-reliance." [Dr. John Henrik Clarke]

      "A good teacher, like a good entertainer first must hold his audience's attention, then he can teach his lesson."
      [Dr. John Henrik Clarke]

      "The events which transpired five thousand years ago; Five years ago or five minutes ago, have determined what will happen five minutes from now; five years From now or five thousand years from now. All history is a current event." [Dr. John Henrik Clarke]

      "Yes, I'm an extremist. The black race... is in extremely bad condition. You show me a black man who isn't an extremist and I'll show you one who needs psychiatric attention!"
      [Malcolm X]

      "People involved in a revolution don't become part of the system; they destroy the system... The Negro revolution is no revolution because it condemns the system and then asks the system it has condemned to accept them..."
      [Malcolm X]

      "When a person places the proper value on freedom, there is nothing under the sun that he will not do to acquire that freedom. Whenever you hear a man saying he wants freedom, but in the next breath he is going to tell you what he won't do to get it, or what he doesn't believe in doing in order to get it, he doesn't believe in freedom. A man who believes in freedom will do anything under the sun to acquire . . . or preserve his freedom."
      [Malcolm X]

      "I for one believe that if you give people a thorough understanding of what confronts them and the basic causes that produce it, they'll create their own program, and when the people create a program, you get action."
      [Malcolm X]

    2. #2
      Abibikasa Wura Live Chat
      Ɔbra yɛ ko
      I am:
      Abibitumi Kasa
      Obadele Kambon's Avatar
      Join Date
      Apr 2006
      Points: 1,059,732, Level: 100
      Level completed: 0%, Points required for next Level: 0
      Overall activity: 99.9%
      Blog Entries
      220 Post(s)
      33 Thread(s)
      Rep Power
      SocialYour first GroupRecommendation First ClassVeteranCreated Album pictures

      Did you find this post helpful? Yes | No

      Default Re: San people of Africa draft code of ethics for researchers

      It's a step

      Sent from my GHANA-MADE RLG Uhuru Note BrilliantPhone using Abibitumi Kasa mobile app
      Ma ku Mbôngi, ka matômbulawanga za ko.
      "The community's political institution does not borrow foreign dialects to discuss its political matters or to educate its' members"
      – Kikôngo proverb

      “The history of Africa will remain suspended in air and cannot be written correctly until African historians connect it with the history of Egypt [...] The African historian who evades the problem of Egypt is neither modest or objective, nor unruffled, he is ignorant, cowardly, and neurotic.”
      – Cheikh Anta Diop, The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality

      "African champions must break the chain that links African ideas to European ones and listen to the voice of the ancestors without European interpreters."
      – Jacob Carruthers, Mdw Ntr

    3. #3
      abibifahodie Kuo (Admin) Live Chat
      I am too lazy to set my status.
      I am:
      kevlew's Avatar
      Join Date
      Jun 2014
      Points: 22,239, Level: 65
      Level completed: 14%, Points required for next Level: 561
      Overall activity: 85.0%
      156 Post(s)
      9 Thread(s)
      Rep Power
      Tagger First ClassSocial10000 Experience PointsVeteranRecommendation Second Class

      Did you find this post helpful? Yes | No

      Default Re: San people of Africa draft code of ethics for researchers

      They should seek retribution if any technology is reused that was a result of their knowledge. This is happening all over the continent. Also credit needs to be clearly stated if any scientific publications are produced that is a result of any study done on the San.

      The oppressed, having internalized the image of the oppressor and adopted his guidelines, are fearful of freedom.
      Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed
      Power is the ability to define reality and to have other people respond to your definition as if it were their own. - Dr. Wade Nobles

    + Reply to Thread
    + Post New Thread

    Thread Information

    Users Browsing this Thread

    There are currently 1 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 1 guests)

    Similar Threads

    1. Kellyanne Conway Urges Viewers to Buy Ivanka Trump’s Merchandise — Did She Violate Code of Ethics?
      By Obadele Kambon in forum Abibiwiase Adawurobɔsɛm (Afrikan World News)
      Replies: 0
      Last Post: 02-09-2017, 06:00 PM
    2. Somalia: Media Law Imposes Heavy Fines On Journalists for Breaching "Code of Ethics"
      By Agya Yaw in forum Abibiwiase Adawurobɔsɛm - East Afrika
      Replies: 0
      Last Post: 09-03-2014, 07:13 AM
    3. Nigeria: New Code of Ethics for Journalists to Come in August
      By Obadele Kambon in forum Abibiwiase Adawurobɔsɛm - West Afrika
      Replies: 0
      Last Post: 07-17-2013, 03:55 AM
    4. Ghana: President Launches Code of Ethics for Ministers
      By Obadele Kambon in forum Abibiwiase Adawurobɔsɛm - West Afrika
      Replies: 0
      Last Post: 07-09-2013, 07:18 AM
    5. Nigeria: Journalists Union Reviews Code of Conduct, Ethics, Welfare Package of Journalists
      By Obadele Kambon in forum Abibiwiase Adawurobɔsɛm - West Afrika
      Replies: 0
      Last Post: 03-17-2013, 06:29 AM

    Visitors found this page by searching for:

    Nobody landed on this page from a search engine, yet!

    Thread Participants: 2

    Tags for this Thread

    Posting Permissions

    • You may post new threads
    • You may post replies
    • You may not post attachments
    • You may not edit your posts
    About us
    Abibitumi Kasa is a global website, app, forum and think tank created by and for Afrikan=Black people. Abibitumi Kasa is dedicated to the complete and total liberation of Kmt ‘Afrikan=Black people’ and modern Kmt ‘the land(s) of Afrikan=Black people’ throughout the Afrikan=Black world from under domination by Eurasians including, but not limited to: (white) Americans, Arabs, Israelis, British, French, Belgians, Afrikaaners/Dutch, Germans, Portuguese, Chinese, Koreans, Russians, Indo-Aryans, etc. Abibitumi Kasa also seeks Afrikan=Black liberation from the religions, philosophies, ideologies, languages, militaries, economic systems, worldviews, and other tools used opportunistically by Eurasians to implement domination of Afrikan=Black people with the assistance of anti-Afrikan/anti-Black collaborators who propagate these instruments of oppression, which were designed to serve and protect their Eurasian creators against the interests and survival of Afrikan=Black people. As such, Abibitumi Kasa seeks to reclaim and/or create systems and tools designed by Afrikan=Black people for the benefit of Afrikan=Black People in the interest of complete and total Afrikan=Black Liberation, Self-Preservation, Self-Determination and Survival in each and every area of human activity including, but not limited to, culture, economics, education, entertainment, health, labor, law, politics, psychology, religion, science/technology, sex, society, war, etc.
    The Revolution Will Not be anglicized!!!
    Download Our Mobile App!

    Abibitumi Kasa App

    AK apple Abibitumi Kasa App